Winter Weeds: Page 2, Winter Woodland, Spring Weeds (Aliens in red)
Secale cereale Winter Rye:
Teucrium canadense Germander:
Leonurus cardiaca Motherwort:
Mentha arvensis Wild Mint: Flowers occur in dense, axillary clusters. This is the only native species of Mentha found in the US; v. japonica grown for menthol. M. piperita Peppermint, M. spicata Spearmint.
Nepeta cataria Catnip: Leaves are darker green on the upper surface and light green or whitish underneath. Terminal and axillary flowers; lower lip on flowers.
Urticaceae (Nettle)
Urtica dioica Stinging Nettle: Tiny greenish flowers are in slender, branched, interrupted spikes from the upper leaf axils. Stinging hair on stem; stipules; rugose leaves.
Polygonaceae (Buckwheat)
Polygonum persicaria Lady's Thumb: Moist soil. Leaves typically have a dark green "V"-shaped splotch.
Caryophyllaceae (Pink)
Lychnis alba White Campion (Evening Campion): Dioecious, fragrant flowers open at dusk and close in the morning. 5 white-to-pinkish petals deeply notched; 5 protruding styles; inflated calyx has prominent veins.
Impatiens capensis Orange Jewelweed (Spotted Touch-me-not): Moist soil. Dew or rain beads up on the leaves forming sparkling droplets which give rise to the common name of jewelweed. Watch for ruby-throated hummingbirds as they come for nectar.