Summer Weeds: Page 2, Summer Woodland, Summer Wetland, Spring Weeds (Aliens in red)
Lamiaceae (Mint)
Prunella vulgaris v. lanceolata Selfheal: The hooded flowers are irregular in shape. The lower lip of the flower has a fringed edge. Leaves entire or slightly toothed, do not have a mint smell. Lower leaves are born on long stems while the upper ones may be stemless.
Teucrium canadense Germander: Flying insects are attracted to the topless flowers and the large cental lobe of the lower corolla lip serves as a landing platform. The two purplish spots on the lobe are like runway lights guiding the insects to the flower. Toothed leaves.
Leonurus cardiaca Motherwort: Axillary clusters of sessilem fringed flowers surrounding stem. Upper lip with 3 lobes. Lower lip 2-lobed.
Mentha arvensis Wild Mint: Flowers occur in dense, axillary clusters. This is the only native species of Mentha found in the US; v. japonica grown for menthol. M. piperita Peppermint, M. spicata Spearmint.
Nepeta cataria Catnip: Leaves are darker green on the upper surface and light green or whitish underneath. Terminal and axillary flowers; lower lip on flowers.
Scutellaria lateriflora Mad-dog (Blue) Skullcap: Opposite leaves light green below, dull green above. Veins impressed above, expressed below. Paired flowers, lower lip single-lobed, upper lip shallowly 3-lobed. Wet soil.
Scrophulariaceae (Figwort)
Verbascum blattaria Moth Mullein: 5 rounded white or yellow petals. Purple stamens have hairy filaments. Biennial; 2nd year leaves glabrous, tapering to a point, with distinctly toothed margins.
Chelone lyonii Pink Turtlehead: Native to southern Appalachiansm often found in spruce-fir forests. 2-lipped, clear pink flowers in tight, spike-like terminal racemes; lower lip is bearded. Opposite, coarsely-toothed, ovate to broad-lanceolate, dark green leaves.
Impatiens capensis Orange Jewelweed (Spotted Touch-me-not): Moist soil. Dew or rain beads up on the leaves forming sparkling droplets which give rise to the common name of jewelweed. Watch for ruby-throated hummingbirds as they come for nectar.