September 1998

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Wild OnesŪ - Louisville Chapter Newsletter

Volume 1, Issue 2 (Quarterly)

Table of Contents

bullet.gif (1288 bytes) Recent Club Activity
bullet.gif (1288 bytes) Upcoming Events
bullet.gif (1288 bytes) January 21, 1999 Meeting
bullet.gif (1288 bytes)Ecoliteracy Program
bullet.gif (1288 bytes) Wild Ones in the Park
bullet.gif (1288 bytes) Native Plant Courses Offered
bullet.gif (1288 bytes) What's Blooming?
bullet.gif (1288 bytes) Invasive Exotic Plants Impacts On Native Ecosystems
bullet.gif (1288 bytes) Invasive Exotic Plant Species
bullet.gif (1288 bytes) Wild Ones – Louisville Chapter’s Contact List
                      Board Members and Newsletter Committee

bullet.gif (1288 bytes) Special Notes

Recent Club Activity

We had a great meeting at Bernheim Forest on June 25. Dr. Varley Wiedeman, Ph.D. (Bernheim Science and Education Advisor) gave an interesting slide show on spring wildflowers and shared his lifetime of experience in working with native plants. After the slide show Kani Meyer took us on a guided tour of the great meadow restoration project where they are researching the use of fire as a restoration and management tool. More than 25 people attended this informative and educational event. Many thanks to Dr. Wiedeman and Kani Meyer for sharing their time and knowledge.

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Upcoming Events

The next Wild Ones – Louisville Chapter general meeting will be at Iroquois Park on September 17th at 6:30 p.m.

Iroquois Park is located in Louisville at the end of Southern Parkway where it intersects with New Cut Road. It is the largest park in the City designed in the 1890’s by famed landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted. The park is situated on a siltstone knob with over 250 feet of elevation change and a dense climax forest. The top of the knob, where we will meet, is a large open meadow with beautiful vistas across recently restored prairies and wetlands.

The easiest way to get to the park is to take the Watterson Expressway (I-264) to the Southern Parkway/Third Street exit (near the Airport and Churchill Downs). Go south on Southern Parkway until it ends at the park entrance on New Cut Road. Go straight into the park and follow the road to a stop sign where you will turn right. Keep going until you get to the next stop sign and turn left. Take this road up the hill until you see us Wild Ones getting ready to have a good time. Please try to be on time as this road is gated and the gate cannot stay open during the entire meeting. See you there!


Neighborfest – Wild Ones will be sharing a booth with the KY Native Plant Program at this event on September 12 & 13. Volunteers are needed to help staff the booth on both days. Neighborfest is an outdoor festival that celebrates urban living and promotes the traditions and potential of urban habitats. It will be held along the 1000 block of Baxter Avenue in the Original Highlands of Louisville with stage and street entertainment, ethnic and vegetarian food, educational workshops, an interactive children’s space, and contests.


Louisville Nature Center Native Plant Sale – Wild Ones will have a display at this event on September 12 from 10:00 AM to 1:00 PM.


Community Leadership Alliance Picnic – Wild Ones will have a booth at this first annual get to know your politician picnic on Sunday September 20 from 1:00 to 4:00 PM. Come on out to the Water Tower on River Road for some good fun.

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January 21, 1999 Meeting

Thomas G. Barnes Ph.D. will speak on native plants for habitat restoration and natural landscaping at our general membership meeting in January. Dr. Barnes is an associate professor and extension wildlife specialist in the Department of Forestry at the University of Kentucky. He is a valuable source of information on birds and other wildlife as well as the plants that sustain them. He has authored numerous books and articles on the subject and has a fantastic slide show. The meeting will be January 21, 1999 at 6:30 PM in the Egan Center at Spaulding University. Spaulding University is located in Louisville at Fourth and Breckinridge Streets.

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Ecoliteracy Program

Spaulding University is offering a 10 week program to study the principles of ecology and ecoliteracy. Participants will learn how our "Earth Household" works and how we can live in sync with our earth’s natural systems. It runs from September through November 1998.

For more information or registration


Phyllis Hannon, SCN
Director, Environmental Seminars
Spaulding University
851 South Fourth Street
Louisville, Kentucky 40202-2188
Phone: (502) 585-9911 ext. 268

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Wild Ones in the Park

Wild Ones will be assisting the Louisville/Jefferson County Parks Department and the Louisville Olmsted Parks Conservancy in their effort to control invasive exotic plants and restore native plant communities in Cherokee Park. Wild Ones will be adopting an area in the park that is currently overgrown with invasive exotic plants. The work will involve mostly removing large shrubs (honeysuckle, privet, burning bush), vines (oriental bittersweet, japanese honeysuckle) and trash in the area, stabilizing the area and replanting with native species (hopefully transplanted from rescue operations). The work dates will probably be scheduled on a quarterly basis unless we get a lot of interest. Anyone interested in helping form a core of volunteers for this effort should contract Portia Brown at 454-4007 or Mike Smiley at to get on the list for future dates.

Volunteers are needed to help rescue woodland/wetland plant species in Iroquois Park. MSD will be building a wetland detention basin in a former wetland area of Iroquois Park to control flooding and stormwater runoff. This is a one-time activity as construction is scheduled to start sometime in late September or early October. A tentative date for the rescue is Saturday September 26. The site is easily accessible, near the road by the horse stables. Plants rescued by this operation will be planted in other parts of the park or taken home by the hard working volunteers. They will need some care until dormancy to relieve the shock of being rooted up during the growing season.

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Native Plant Courses Offered

Bernheim Arboretum and Research Forest is offering a series of classes on the native plants of Kentucky. The course is offered in association with the Kentucky Native Plant Society Certification Program and is taught by Dr. Varley Wiedeman, Ph.D. Bernheim Science and Education Advisor.

The next class on the native trees and shrubs of Kentucky will meet on Saturday mornings from 9:00 AM to Noon on September 12, 19, 26, and October 3rd. This particular class is intended for those who have already taken Plant Taxonomy for Amateur Naturalists or have equivalent class work or experience. Participants in this class will learn to identify the native trees and shrubs of Kentucky, their associates, and communities. Much time will be spent in Bernheim’s forested areas and compiling a reference herbarium collection for Bernheim.

The cost for this program is $50 for Bernheim members and $60 for non-members plus the cost of a text book. There is a limit of 20 participants. Contact Bernheim at 502-955-8512 between the hours of 9:00 AM and 4:30 PM to register for this excellent course

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What's Blooming?

Ironweed (Vernonia altissima) - a large erect perennial 4-7 feet tall with deep red-purple flowers in a flat topped inflorescence. It grows along roadsides, in open fields, pastures, and woodland edges and is widely distributed throughout the state.

Yellow Ironweed (Actinomeris alternifolia) - a course perennial plant 3-7 feet tall with rough leaves and yellow flowers. It is common in lowland thickets and woodland borders throughout the state.

Autumn Sneezeweed (Helenium autumnale) - a medium size perennial 1-4 feet tall with yellow disk shaped flowers 3/4-1 inch across. It is frequent in moist ground and is widely distributed throughout the state. Contrary to its name, it is not a purveyor of hay fever since its heavy sticky pollen cannot be carried by the wind.

White Snakeroot (Eupatorium rugosum) - a shade loving perennial 2-4 feet tall with fluffy snow-white flowerheads in a flat topped inflorescence. It is common in woods, thickets and woodland borders in rich moist ground throughout the state.

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Invasive Exotic Plants Impacts on Native Ecosystems

What is an invasive exotic plant? Why should we care?

An invasive exotic species is a non-native organism that exists in a region where it does not naturally occur and that has certain biological characteristics that allow for rapid colonization and population growth. About 10 to 15 percent of all non-indigenous species are thought to be invasive.

Invasive exotic plants have been introduced into this country over the years for a variety of reasons. Many species introduced for purposes such as; erosion control, horticulture, wildlife habitat, wood or fiber production and forage enhancement have caused serious problems in our native plant communities. Many natural areas that were once diverse native habitats are now dominated by a handful of invasive exotics. Species like Bush honeysuckle, Tree of heaven, Creeping euonymus and Garlic mustard are affecting the delicate balance of life dependant upon age old interactions between the native species and their environment.

What causes a particular plant to become invasive in a new land? Most plants introduced into a new land leave behind the array of predators and pathogens that tended to keep them in check in their native ranges. These plants are excellent competitors, able to take advantage of precious resources, allowing rapid growth and reproduction. Many are able to reproduce vegetatively (root shoots, runners, underground stems, or fragmented plant parts), as well as by seed and also produce hormones or toxins that actually suppress the growth of their competition.

Invasive exotics have caused enormous problems that will continue to plague us for years to come. From 1906 to 1991, 79 problem plants and animals have caused documented economic losses of over $97 billion. A worst case scenario looking at just 15 of the most problematic species could cause another $134 billion in future economic losses. They are responsible for more than $2 billion in annual crop losses and have caused a serious decline in the diversity and distribution of many of our native plant communities.

The information in this article was exerpted from an article by Dr. Thomas G. Barnes in the UK Natural Resources Newsletter, Summer 1998 issue. For a full copy write to:

Cooperative Extension Service
U. S. Department of Agriculture
U of K – College of Agriculture
Lexington, Kentucky 40546

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Invasive Exotic Plant Species

Common Name (Botanical Name)

  1. Tree of heaven (Ailanthus altissima)
  2. Garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata)
  3. Wild Onion (Allium vineale spp. v.)
  4. Nodding thistle (Carduus nutans)
  5. Asian bittersweet (Celastrus orbiculatus)
  6. Bull thistle (Circium vulgare)
  7. Canada thistle (Circium arvense)
  8. Crown vetch (Coronilla varia)
  9. Queen Anne’s lace (Daucus carota)
  10. Duchesnea (Duchesnea indica)
  11. Russian Olive (Eleagnus angustifolia)
  12. Autumn Olive (Eleagnus umbellata)
  13. Eulaly grass (Eulalia spp.)
  14. Burning bush (Euonymus alatus)
  15. Creeping euonymus (Euonymus fortunei)
  16. Leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula)
  17. Mulberry weed (Fatuoa villosa)
  18. KY 31 tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea)
  19. Ground ivy (Flechoma hederacea)
  20. English ivy (Hedera helix)
  21. Hydrilla (Hydrilla verticillata)
  22. Bicolor lespedeza (Lespedeza bicolor)
  23. Sericia lespedeza (Lespedeza cuneata)
  24. Korean lespedeza (Lespedeza striata)
  25. Privet (Ligustrum sinense)
  26. Shrub honeysuckle (Lonicera spp.)
  27. Japanese honeysuckle (Lonicera japonica)
  28. Pennywort (Lysimachia numularia)
  29. Purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria)
  30. Osage orange (Maclura pomifera)
  31. White sweet clover (Melilotus alba)
  32. Yellow sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis)
  33. White mulberry (Morus alba)
  34. False skullcap (Musla dianthera)
  35. Watercress (Nasturtium officinale)
  36. Star of Bethlehem (Ornithogalum umbellatum)
  37. Paulownia (Paulownia tomentosa)
  38. Beefsteak (Perilla frutescens var. f.)
  39. Water lettuce (Pistia stratiotes)
  40. Bluegrass (Poa pratensis spp. p.)
  41. Kudzu (Pueraria lobata)
  42. Multiflora rose (Rose multiflora)
  43. Dock (Rumex acetosella)
  44. Japanese steeplebush (Spirea japonica)
  45. Chickweed (Stellaria media)
  46. Johnson grass (Sorghum halapense)
  47. Periwinkle (Vinca minor)
  48. Chicory (Cichorium intybus)
  49. Buckthorn (Rhamnus frangula)
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Special Notes
  • Any names on the mailing list that are not also on the member list (dues paid) will be dropped at the end of the year. Minimum dues are $20/year, payable to the national headquarters at the address above.
  • A list of all dues paying members will be distributed to all members present at the September 17th meeting in Iroquois Park.
  • Send us your e-mail addresses, if you have one.
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To contact us:
Wild Ones - Louisville (Kentucky) Chapter
P. O. BOX 5512,
Louisville, KY 40255-0512
Portia Brown, Phone: 454-4007

Wild Ones - Natural Landscapers, Ltd.
P.O. Box 1274
Appleton, WI 54913-1274
Web Site:
A Voice for the Natural Landscaping Movement

Text and graphics copyright (c)1998, 1999 Wild Ones -- Natural Landscapers, Ltd.
All rights reserved. Updated May 12, 1999.

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